As highly cognizable, Europe is among the 7 continents of the world. Composed of Eurasia’s westernmost peninsula, primarily, this continent is branched from Asia. In the north, Europe is rimmed by the Arctic Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean in the north. Based on its surface area, Europe has the second smallest continent. There are approximately 50 nations in this continent and by far, Russia is the largest.
For those who are fascinated with the beauty and diversity of Europe and its history, below are the best European historical places to visit. People will certainly appreciate Europe’s remnants of the past…
1. Cave Monastery of Geghard
Geghard is deemed as among the finest cave monastery in the beautiful Armenia. It is situated deep in a canyon and its aesthetic appearance truly complements the surrounding cliffs. Supposedly, Geghard cave monastery has been established in the 4th century; however the invaders left nothing during that time.
The 2 cave churches, as well as vestibules that the people of Armenia preserve today came from the 13th century. There is a 10 m passage on top of the main entrance which leads to the churches. This passage is geared towards a cave chapel that boasts incredible acoustics. This chapel was fully carved from the mountain.
The name of this impeccable monastery, Geghardvank, which means “The Monastery of the Spear”, originated from the event when Christ was wounded by a spear while he was on the cross. As a matter of fact, the spear that is believed that hit Christ was kept in this place.
2. Amberd Ruin and Vahramashen Church
The fortress of Amberd lies on the sterling slopes of the magnificent Mount Aragats, while the Vahramashen Church is located a bit right on the brink of the gorge. The Amberd fortress was the remnant of the 7th century while the Vahramashen Church dates back from the 11th century.
The meaning of the name Amberd is “the fortress in the clouds.” This provides a hint that there are times that it can become cloudy in this location, knowing that it is 2,160 m high from volcano Aragats’ foot. European history enthusiasts can explore the fortress and the trails that can be found will lead to another impeccable view which is a landscape that is covered with wildflower.
3. The Garni Temple
This magnificent temple dates back from the 1st century A.D and it is made for Helios, the Roman God of the Sun. During the 9th century, there was a church that was established at the crowded sites that are situated at the brink of the cliff. However, in the year 1679, an earthquake strike and knocked the historical temple down, leaving it as how it looks today. In the year 1970, the temple was fully reconstructed.
4. Haghartsin Monastery
This European historical location is also another novelty of Armenia. This monastery was excellently hidden in the forest. Same with the other historical monasteries in Armenia, the Haghartsin Monastery also dates back from the 13th century. The sad thing is that this Armenian monastery is under serious restoration, which is financed by Sheik of Sharjah from UAE.
Because of this restoration, it gradually loses its ancient charm, turning to gleaming renovated splendour. If the Armenian people will be asked, they would certainly choose the ancient aesthetic beauty of the monastery.
5. Former Empires
The home of this European historical landmark is Azerbaijan and this is the former residence of the kings or as called by the locals, Khans. This Azerbaijan crowning glory is considered as among the most treasured historical architecture. The astonishing Palace of Sheki Khans is located on a small yet fortified hill, proximal to the center of the town. Within its grounds are properly preserved Albanian churches.
Despite of the fact that there are hefty numbers of hotels, European history lovers would certainly prefer to stay in Caravansary Hotel, an 18th century hotel. Even though it is simple compared to other hotels, staying in this hotel is an absolute bargain, knowing that this structure can transport the visitors back to the time it was built. This is indeed apriceless experience.
Croatia also has its fair share of European historical landmarks and among the most interesting ones is Dubrovnik. This is a quintessential iatric medieval walled city. The maritime trading in this historical location was rich during the Middle Ages, since there was a great rivalry between Venice and Ragusa’s city-state. However, during the 1990’s, specifically during the realm of the Yugoslavian War, it was stopped for about 7 months and it was badly damaged by the attacks. As of today, Dubrovnik regained its majestic charm. To top things up, Dubrovnik is bordered with sexy beaches that are accentuated by fine sand and peddles and crystal-clear water.
7. Fortress Suomenlinna
This Finish historical treasure is located just off Helsinki’s coast. It was established in the year 1748 by the people of Sweden to safeguard the Helsingfors, which means Swedish for Helsinki, from the Russian invaders. However, in 1808, the Russian captured it, along with the entire Finland, until the country regained its independence in 1917. At present, there are still people who live in Suomenlinna. It is also among the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
These are just icings on the cake and Europe has amore historical sites to boast. Those who are bedazzled with the historical remnants, they should not miss the chance to visit Europe. Same with Asia, Europe is rich in historical events. The history of Europe is indeed interesting since it is bounded by a variety of cultures.
It has an extraordinary history, as well as intricate cultural set-up that have been established for several centuries to yield a diverse continent that people know today. More and more young people who go to Europe and one of their primary reasons for doing so is that they want to study the historical background of this great continent.